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Last edited July 2014

Resources on Minnesota Issues
Light Rail & Commuter Transit

This guide is compiled by staff at the Minnesota Legislative Reference Library on a topic of interest to Minnesota legislators. It is designed to provide an introduction to the topic, directing the user to a variety of sources, and is not intended to be exhaustive.

With the opening of the light rail transit (LRT) Central Corridor (Green Line) in June 2014, the downtowns of St. Paul and Minneapolis are linked by rail transit for the first time since Twin City Rapid Transit (TCRT) street car lines met their demise in the 1950s. The new Green Line is the first expansion of the area's light rail system since the opening of the Hiawatha (Blue Line) in 2004. The two lines connect in downtown Minneapolis.

The Twin Cities' LRT system has been a work in progress for years, its roots stretching back to the 1970s when heavy rail and "downtown people movers" were studied as transit options. By the early 1980s, LRT had moved to the forefront of transit planning. The 1980s and 1990s were filled with LRT studies, evaluations, and planning efforts. On January 17, 2001, ground was broken for the region's first LRT line along Hiawatha Avenue, connecting downtown Minneapolis, the Minneapolis/St. Paul International Airport, and the Mall of America in Bloomington.

The next expansion of the region's rail transit system occurred in late 2009 with the opening of the Northstar Corridor, a 40-mile commuter rail line running from the Big Lake area south to downtown Minneapolis.

Even as the Central Corridor Green Line opens, planning is well underway for a light rail line that would serve areas south and west of downtown Minneapolis. The proposed Southwest Corridor would connect with the Hiawatha Blue Line near Target Field in downtown Minneapolis and extend to Eden Prairie. Planning has also begun for the Bottineau LRT line. A draft environmental impact study was released in March 2014 for the proposed project that would stretch from downtown Minneapolis through the northwest suburbs.

Commuter transit expansion also includes Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). BRT systems combine improved infrastructure, vehicles, and technology to provide faster, more efficient service. The METRO Red Line is a Bus Rapid Transit line stretching from the Mall of America to Apple Valley on Cedar Avenue. A second BRT line is in the planning stages. The Orange Line (estimated to open in 2019) will provide service between Minneapolis and Burnsville.

Light Rail and Commuter Transit Chronology

1975: Minnesota Legislature prohibits the Metropolitan Transit Commission from using transit tax levies for any preliminary work on an automated fixed guideway system. (Laws of Minnesota 1975, chapter 13, section 71(d))

1980: Minnesota Legislature directs the Metropolitan Council to conduct a feasibility study of light rail transit in the metropolitan area. (Laws of Minnesota 1980, chapter 607, article 13, section 3)

1984: Minnesota Legislature creates Regional Transit Board. (Laws of Minnesota 1984, chapter 654, article 3, section 116)

1985: Minnesota Legislature prohibits any expenditure of public funds on light rail transit. (Laws of Minnesota 1Sp 1985, chapter 10, section 105)

1987: Minnesota Legislature removes the 1985 prohibition by giving any regional rail authority the ability to study, plan, or design a light rail transit system. (Laws of Minnesota 1987, chapter 405, section 4) In addition, the Metropolitan Council is allowed to cooperate with the regional rail authorities in light rail transit planning. (Laws of Minnesota 1987, chapter 405, section 3)

1988: Minnesota Legislature appropriates $4.17 million (if matched with dollar for dollar amounts from other funding sources) for regional railroad authorities to plan, design and construct light rail transit facilities. (Laws of Minnesota 1988, chapter 684, article 2, section 2)

1989: Minnesota Legislature requires the Regional Transit Board to adopt a regional light rail plan. (Laws of Minnesota 1989, chapter 339, section 12)

Minnesota Legislature creates the Joint Light Rail Transit Advisory Committee to assist the Regional Transit Board in LRT planning. (Laws of Minnesota 1989, chapter 339, section 13)

1991: Minnesota Legislature creates the Light Rail Transit Joint Powers Board. (Laws of Minnesota 1991, chapter 298, article 7, section 8)

1993: Minnesota Legislature establishes the Corridor Management Committee (Laws of Minnesota 1993, chapter 353, section 12)

1994: Minnesota Legislature abolishes the Regional Transit Board. All duties and responsibilities are transferred to the Metropolitan Council. (Laws of Minnesota 1994, chapter 628, article 2, section 4)

1997: Minnesota Legislature authorizes the study of the potential of using freight rail corridors in the metropolitan area for commuter rail service. (Laws of Minnesota 1997, chapter 159, article 2, section 51)

1998: Minnesota Legislature appropriates $40 million for a light rail transit system for the Hiawatha Corridor. Another $6.5 million is appropriated for LRT study, design and engineering work of other corridors. (Laws of Minnesota 1998, chapter 404, section 17) On May 22, 1998, Congress passes a transportation bill which allots $120 million for the Hiawatha Corridor light rail transit project. Congress also authorizes an additional $6 million for rail transit work on the North Star Corridor (Minneapolis to St. Cloud through Anoka).

1999: Minnesota Legislature appropriates $60 million for construction of the Hiawatha Corridor LRT line. (Laws of Minnesota 1999, chapter 240, article 1, section 9, subdivision 5) This funding makes Minnesota eligible to receive matching federal funds for the project.

2000: Laws of Minnesota 2000, chapter 479, article 1, section 24, subdivision 4 gives the Metropolitan Council the right to sell or lease naming rights to light rail transit stations and to apply revenues from sales or leases to light rail transit operating costs.

June 2000 - September 2000: Design-build contractor and vehicle manufacturer selection process for Hiawatha Corridor.

October 1, 2000: Hiawatha Corridor construction begins.

January 2001: The Federal Transit Administration approved a Full Funding Grand Agreements committing $334,277,500 to the rail project. Total approved funding from all sources is $675,409,818.

October 2002: First Hiawatha Corridor vehicle delivered.

June 2004: Hiawatha Corridor LRT service begins Saturday, June 26, 2004.

2005: Minnesota Legislature approves $37.5 million for the Northstar Corridor in the 2005 bonding bill. (Laws of Minnesota 2005, chapter 20, article 1) In June of 2005, the United States Congress approves $80 million for the Northstar Corridor in the federal transportation bill.

2006: Minnesota Legislature approves $60 million for the Northstar Corridor in the 2006 capital improvement bonding bill. (Laws of Minnesota 2006, chapter 258, section 16, subdivision 4)

2006: The Metropolitan Council begins planning for a Central Corridor Light Rail transit line. This rail line will connect downtown Minneapolis and downtown St. Paul along University Avenue.

December 11, 2007: The Full Funding Grant Agreement (FFGA) for Northstar Commuter Rail is signed by state and federal officials. This agreement allots $156.8 million in federal funds and $97.5 million in state funds to the project.

April 7, 2008: Governor Pawlenty vetoes the $70 million allotted for the Central Corridor project in the 2008 bonding bill. (Laws of Minnesota 2008, chapter 179, section 17, subd. 5) However, in May 2008, the $70 million is restored in a supplementary bonding package. (Laws of Minnesota 2008, chapter 365, section 4)

Summer 2009: Five year anniversary of the Hiawatha Line. Ridership is 20 percent ahead of what ridership was expected to be in 2020. A plan to buy more train cars to accommodate increased ridership requires the expansion of 10 LRT stations.

August 18, 2009 The Federal Transit Administration issues the Central Corridor LRT Record of Decision clearing the way for the project to proceed.

December 2009: The Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority approves an alignment for the Southwest light-rail transit line, a $1.2 billion rail project connecting Eden Prairie with the state's other rail lines at Target Field in Minneapolis. The choice had been pared down to two main routes. The route not chosen, through Uptown and down Nicollet Mall in Minneapolis, would cost about $600 million more than the approved route.

January 2010: It is announced that the federal government will pay half of the $15.6 million to build three additional Central Corridor stations at Hamline Avenue, Victoria Street and Western Avenue on University Avenue. The funding became available after the Federal Transit Administration announced sweeping changes to federal funding requirements for light-rail and busway projects. The FTA decided to elevate livability and sustainability factors over mere cost-effectiveness.

February 2010: The Ramsey County Regional Rail Authority board approves spending $520,000 to go toward one of three additional stations to be included on the Central Corridor light-rail line.

May 2010: The Metropolitan Council votes to build a third light rail transit line, the Southwest Corridor LRT, connecting downtown Minneapolis with Eden Prairie.

August 2010: Metropolitan Council approves spending $152.3 million on light rail cars for the Hiawatha and Central Corridors. The Council also sends the Federal Transit Administration their estimates for ridership (about 29,000 passengers per weekday), and the price tag (estimated at $1.2 billion), for the Southwest Corridor line in its application to enter the preliminary engineering phase.

November 2010: Ramsey County Regional Rail Authority approves $5.8 million to continue work on the Central Corridor, with no commitment on federal funding.

January 2011: Renovation work begins on Union Depot, the last stop for Central Corridor.

March 3, 2011: The first LRT derailment occurs when lead car comes off track a few inches. There were no injuries.

April 2011: FTA commits $478 million to Central Corridor in a full funding agreement. The federal grant is half the project's estimated cost.

July 2011: St. Paul City Council votes to apply for $200 thousand federal grant to help finance streetcar planning.

September 2011: FTA gives approval to start preliminary engineering on the Southwest Corridor. Construction on the Central Corridor is 20% complete.

November 2011: University Avenue portion of Central Corridor construction is complete.

May 2012: Central Corridor line is half complete.

September 2012: Southwest Corridor Light Rail receives a $2 million grant from the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development.

October 2012: The draft environmental impact statement for the Southwest Corridor is issued by Hennepin County.

November-December 2012: Hennepin County holds public hearings during the Southwest Corridor public review and comment period. About 1000 comments are received from the public. The cities of Minneapolis and St. Louis Park each raise concerns about the plans for the Southwest Corridor.

December 2012: Southwest Corridor light rail contracts are awarded AECOM and Kimley-Horn rather than URS due to URS role in Sabo Bridge issues.

December 2012: Most of the traffic-obstructing Central Corridor construction ends.

January 2013: The Met Council hires preliminary engineering consultants and begins the preliminary engineering phase.

February 2013: Initial plans for Southwest Corridor line stations and route are released.

April 2013: Tests of light rail cars on Central Corridor begin.

May 2013: The Met Council approves the Bottineau Transitway, a new light rail line from downtown Minneapolis to Brooklyn Park. The route will connect to the Hiawatha/Blue line, the Central Corridor/Green line, the proposed Southwest line and the Northstar commuter rail at the Target Field Station (when it opens).

Fall 2013-Spring 2014: All possible options for routing freight and light rail tracks for the Southwest Corridor are re-examined.

February 20, 2014: The Twin Cities & Western Railroad rejects a proposed reroute of freight trains through St. Louis Park in lieu of the Kenilworth Corridor as not efficient, safe, nor cost effective. The counties tell Southwest Corridor planners that funding will go to another light rail project if the conflict is not resolved soon.

March 2014: A new option involving a 1.1 mile tunnel below the channel is unveiled to address concerns raised by the city of Minneapolis. This option could add $85 million raising the total to $1.6 billion Another option with a shorter tunnel would add $40 million.

April 2014: The Bottineau Transitway draft environmental impact statement is released.

April 9, 2014: The Metropolitan Council votes in favor of the $1.68 billion Southwest light rail plan that hides the light rail line in two tunnels through the Kenilworth corridor; the freight and recreation path will be at grade level. The Met Council plan is required to seek consent from the cities on the route but could face rejection by Minneapolis.

May-June 2014: Cities along the planned Southwest Corridor line will hold separate hearings on the preliminary plans before their city councils vote as part of the municipal consent process.

June 14, 2014: Green Line light rail service is launched with a weekend of free service and celebrations at many of the stations.

July 2014: The City of Minneapolis and the Metropolitan Council reach a tentative agreement on the Southwest light rail project after two months of negotiation with a mediator. The deal eliminates one of two planned tunnels passing the Cedar Lake and Lake of the Isles portions of the corridor. The modified deal awaits formal approval from both the Met Council and the Minneapolis City Council.

The Metropolitan Council voted to advance plans for the "A Line," a bus rapid transit line on St. Paul's heavily traveled Snelling Avenue. The "arterial bus rapid transit" is the first of its kind in the Twin Cities. The line will include frequent service with fewer stops, fare-paying at stations rather than on bus for faster loading, real-time departure signs, and unique buses with wider aisles and additional doors. Construction is expected to begin in late 2014, with service starting in late 2015. A "B Line" is in planning stages for St. Paul's West 7th Street, and a "C Line" is planned for Penn Avenue in Minneapolis.

Hiawatha Avenue Corridor Funding

From the Metropolitan Council's Overview of the Hiawatha Light Rail Line.

  • Cost: $675.4 million (in 2002 dollars)
  • Federal - $334.3 million
  • State of Minnesota - $100.0 million
  • Hennepin County Regional Rail Authority - $87.0 million
  • Metropolitan Airports Commission - $84.2 million
  • Federal Grant for Congestion Mitigation & Air Quality - $49.8 million
  • MnDOT - $20.1 million

Proposed and Existing Corridors

Various rail corridors have been proposed throughout the years. The following is a list of proposed and existing corridors.

Click on a corridor title to see reports from our Library catalog.

Expand All

Bottineau Transitway

Bottineau Transitway Draft Environmental Impact Statement. Minnesota, 2014. (TD194.56.M6 B68 2014)

Central/Midway Corridor (Green Line)

Began service in 2014

Central Corridor Light Rail Transit Project: Supplemental Final Environmental Impact Statement: Construction-Related Potential Impacts on Business Revenues.. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2013. (TD194.56.M6 C47 2013)

Central Corridor Light Rail Transit Project: Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement For Construction-Related Potential Impacts on Business Revenues. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2012. (TD194.56.M6 C469 2012)

Progress Beyond the Rail: Central Corridor Tracker 2011 BaseLine indicators. St. Paul: Central Corridor Funders Collaborative, 2011? (HE4491.T95 P76 2011)

Status Report on the Implementation of Mitigation Measures -- CCLRT Construction-Related Business Impacts. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2011. (HE4491.T95 S73 2011)

Mueller, Daniel P. Central Corridor Key Outcomes: BaseLine Indicators Report. St. Paul: Central Corridor Funders Collaborative, 2011. (HE4491.T95 M84 2011)

Saint Paul Transit-Oriented Development Guidebook For the Central Corridor. St. Paul: City of Saint Paul, Saint Paul Riverfront Corporation, 2011. (HE4491.S4 S35 2011)

Central Corridor TOD Investment Framework: a Corridor Implementation Strategy. 2010. (HE4491.T95 C463 2010)

Central Corridor Light Rail Transit: Final Environmental Impact Statement: Executive Summary. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2009. (TD194.56.M6 C467 2009)

Record of Decision on the Central Corridor Light Rail Transit Project in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. 2009. (TD194.56.M6 C468 2009)

Central Corridor Light Rail Transit Project: Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2008. (TD194.56.M6 C466 2008)

Central Corridor Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Alternatives Analysis: Record of Public Comment. St. Paul: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, 2006. (TD194.56.M6 C465 2006)

Central Corridor Project: Alternatives Analysis and Draft Environmental Impact Statement. St. Paul: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, 2006. (TD194.56.M6 C46 2006)

Phase II Architectural History Investigation for the Proposed Central Transit Corridor, Hennepin and Ramsey Counties, Minnesota. St. Paul: 106 Group, 2004. (F614.M6 P53 2004)

Phase I Architectural History Investigation For the Proposed Central Transit Corridor, Hennepin and Ramsey Counties, Minnesota. Vol. I. St. Paul: 106 Group, 2003. (F614.M6 P53 2003)

Economic Development Potential Around Proposed Central Corridor LRT Stations. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 1995. (HE4491.M62 E36 1995)

Boylan, Patrick J. Light Rail Transit in the Twin Cities: the Central Corridor. Minn.: P.J. Boylan, 1994. (HE4491.T95 B69 1994)

Central Corridor Transit Study: Summary Package. Minn.: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority: Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority, 1993. (HE4491.T95 C462 1993)

Central Corridor : Hennepin and Ramsey Counties: Alternatives Analysis and Draft Environmental Impact Statement. Chicago, Ill.: Federal Transit Administration ; Minn.: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation : Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority : Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority, 1993. (HE4491.T95 C46 1993)

Twin Cities Central Corridor: Transit Alternatives Analysis and Draft Environmental Impact Statement. St. Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority; [Minneapolis, Minn.]: Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority, 1992. (HE4491.T95 T95 1992)

Midway Corridor Light Rail Transit: Draft Environmental Impact Statement. St. Paul: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority, 1990. (HE4491.T95 M52 1990)

Final Report : Economic, Land Use Impacts of LRT in the Midway Corridor. Basile Baumann Prost & Associates. Inc., 1990. (HE4491.T95 F55 1990)

Midway Corridor Light Rail Transit: Scoping Decision Document. St. Paul: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, 1990. (HE4491.T95 M53 1990)

Light Rail Transit Planning Analysis For the Midway Corridor: Alignment Information. Minn.: BRW, Inc., 1988. (HE4491.T95 L55 1988)

Light Rail Transit Planning Analysis For the Midway Corridor: Alignment Information: Executive Summary. St. Paul: Regional Transit Board: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, 1988. (HE4491.T95 L56 1988)

Light Rail Transit Planning Analysis For the Midway Corridor: Alignment Information and Public Comments. St. Paul: Regional Transit Board: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, 1988. (HE4491.T95 L56 1988ax)

Hiawatha Corridor (Blue Line)

Began service in 2004

Hiawatha Light Rail Transit System Transportation & Maintenance Operations Plan. St. Paul: Metro Transit, Metropolitan Council, 2003. (HE4491.T92 H533 2004)

Hiawatha Avenue Light Rail Transit Line, December 31, 2002: Special Review. St. Paul: Financial Audit Division, Office of the Legislative Auditor, State of Minnesota, 2003. (HE4491.T92 H539 2003)

Reevaluation of the Revised Environmental Assessment For Light Rail Transit From 82nd Street Near 24th Avenue to just North of Interstate Highway 494 and 34th Avenue in Bloomington, Minnesota, Hennepin County and Reevaluation of the Environmental Assessment, the Hiawatha Light Rail Transit Line through the Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport Property, Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, Hennepin County, Minnesota. Minneapolis: Minnesota Department of Transportation, Hiawatha Project Office, 2003. (TD194.56.M6 S55 2003)

Hiawatha Avenue Light Rail Transit Line, December 31, 2001: Special Review. St. Paul: Financial Audit Division, Office of the Legislative Auditor, State of Minnesota, 2002. (HE4491.T92 H539 2002)

Review of the Hiawatha Corridor Light Rail Transit Project. Federal Transit Administration, 2002. (HE4491.T92 R38 2002)

Hiawatha Corridor Light Rail Fact Book. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2000. (HE4491.T92 H53 2000)

Environmental Assessment For the Cedar-Riverside Realignment as Part of the Hiawatha Light Rail Transit System, Hennepin County, Minnesota. Minneapolis: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, 2000. (HE4491.T92 E58 2000)

The Hiawatha Light Rail Transit Line through the Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport Property: Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, Hennepin County, Minnesota. St.Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, 2000. (HE4491.T92 H538 2000)

Hiawatha Light Rail Corridor Financial Report to the Minnesota Legislature. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2000. (HE4491.T92 H54 2000)

Environmental Assessment For Reverse Flow Bus Lanes Associated with Light Rail Transit in Downtown Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minnesota. Minneapolis: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, 2000. (HE4491.T92 E582 2000)

Record of Decision: Hiawatha Corridor Light Rail Transit, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Minnesota Department of Transportation. Federal Transit Administration, 2000. (HE4491 .T92 R32 2000)

Public Hearing Before the Bloomington City Council, Bloomington, Minnesota on Hiawatha Corridor Light Rail Transit Environmental Assessment and Preliminary Design Plan. Minneapolis: Ask, Zender & Trondson, 1999. (HE4491.T92 P92 1999)

Hiawatha Corridor Light Rail Transit Preliminary Design Plan: Public Hearing: Wednesday, September 1, 1999, 6:30 P.M., Minneapolis Convention Center / Moderator: Gerard McCullough. Minneapolis: Ask, Zender & Trondson, 1999. (HE4491.T92 H536 1999)

Hiawatha Corridor Light Rail Transit Comments Received and Mn/DOT Responses From September 16 Public Hearing / Moderator: Dore Mead. Minneapolis: Ask, Zender & Trondson, 1999. (HE4491.T92 H534 1999)

Hiawatha Corridor Light Rail Transit Comments Received and Mn/DOT Responses Originating After September 1 & 16th Public Hearings. St. Paul: Minnesota Department of Transportation, 1999. (HE4491.T92 H532 1999)

Final Hiawatha Corridor LRT Benefit-Cost Analysis. St. Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, Office of Investment Management, 1999. (HE4491.T92 H52 1999)

Reevaluation For Hiawatha Avenue (TH-55) Light Rail Transit Final Environmental Impact Statement Section 4(f) Evaluation and Alternatives Analysis. Roseville: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, 1999. (HE4491.T92 R34 1999)

Technical Memorandum, Preliminary Design of the Hiawatha LRT Corridor in Hennepin County, Minnesota. Minneapolis: BRW, Inc., 1989. (HE4491.M62 T429 1989)

Light Rail Transit Feasibility in the Hiawatha Avenue Corridor. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 1981. (MLAC) (HE4491.T95 L53x)

Minneapolis Northwest Corridor

Technical Memorandum, Preliminary Design of the Northwest LRT Corridor in Hennepin County, Minnesota. Minneapolis: BRW, Inc., 1989. (HE4491.M62 T43 1989)

Minneapolis South Corridor

Minneapolis Southwest Corridor

Guide to the LRT Municipal Consent Process: Southwest Green Line LRT Extension. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, March 2014. (HE4491.T92 S685 2014 Guide)

Southwest Green Line LRT Extension: Municipal Consent (MN State Statute 473.3994). St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2014. (HE4491.T92 S685 2014)

Kenilworth Corridor Vegetation Inventory: Southwest LRT Project Technical Report. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2014. (HE4491.T92 K46 2014)

TC&W Freight Relocation Analysis. Saint Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2014. (HE2771.M6 T38 2014)

Southwest Light Rail Transit: Kenilworth Shallow LRT Tunnels Water Resources Evaluation. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2013. (HE4491.T92 S687 2013)

Twin Cities & Western Railroad Company Response to the Southwest Light Rail Transitway Draft Environmental Impact Statement. (Appendices). Glencoe, Minn.: Twin Cities & Western Railroad Co., 2012. (HE4491.T92 T85 2012)

Southwest Transitway Draft Environmental Impact Statement. 2012. (HE4491.T92 S688 2012)

Southwest Rail Transit Study : Final Report. Minneapolis: Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority, 2003. (HE4491.T92 S68 2003)

Minneapolis Northeast Corridor

Northeast Corridor Light Rail Transit Final Environmental Impact Statement. Minneapolis: Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority; Anoka, Minn.: Anoka County Regional Railroad Authority, 1992. (HE4491.T95 N68 1992)

Northeast Corridor Light Rail Transit System Draft Environmental Impact Statement. Anoka, Minn.: Anoka County Regional Railroad Authority; Minneapolis: Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority, 1991. (HE4491.T95 N67 1991)

Draft Northeast Corridor Light Rail Transit Alignment Study. St. Paul: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, 1991. (HE4491.T92 D77 1991)

Anoka County/Hennepin County Northeast Corridor Light Rail Transit: Draft Scoping Decision Document. Minneapolis: Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority, 1990. (HE4491.T95 A56 1990)

Anoka County/Hennepin County Northeast Corridor Light Rail Transit: Scoping Decision Document. Minneapolis: Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority, 1990. (HE4491.T95 A56 1990ax)

Preliminary Screening Of Northeast Corridor LRT Alignments. Minneapolis: BRW Inc., 1988. (HE4491.M62 P74 1988)

Overview Of The Northeast Corridor Study. Minn.: Anoka County/Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authorities, 1988. (HE4491.M62 O94 1988)

Northstar Corridor

Began service in 2009

Northstar Corridor Project Special Review. St. Paul: State of Minnesota, Office of the State Auditor, 2006. (HE2771.M6 N65 2006)

Northstar Corridor Rail Project Findings of Fact and Conclusions, Final Section 4(f) Evaluation. Minneapolis: Northstar Project Office, 2006. (TD194.56.M6 N67 2006)

Environmental Assessment and Draft Section 4(f) Evaluation for the Proposed Changes to the Northstar Corridor Rail Project (downtown Minneapolis to Big Lake, Minnesota). Minneapolis: Northstar Project Office, 2005. (TD194.56.M6 N67 2005)

Northstar Corridor Rail Project: New Starts Criteria. St. Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, 2004. (HE2771.M6 N67 2004)

Northstar Corridor Rail Project Work Group Report. St. Paul: Northstar Corridor Rail Project Work Group, 2004. (HE2781.T9 N67 2004)

Peterson, Garneth O. Phase II Architectural History Evaluations Along the Northstar Corridor in Benton, Stearns, and Hennepin Counties, Minnesota. 2001. (C02-0013 report, C02-0014 addendum) (MLAC)

Peterson, Garneth O. Addendum #1 to Phase I Cultural Resources Investigations along the Northstar Corridor in Benton, Stearns, Sherburne, Anoka, and Hennepin Counties, Minnesota. 2001. (C02-0021) (MLAC)

Northstar Corridor Project: Final Environmental Impact Statement and Section 4(f) Evaluation. St. Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, 2002. (TD194.56.M6 N67 2002)

Northstar Corridor Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Draft Section 4(f)/6(f) Evaluation: Supplemental Environmental Information to the Northstar Corridor DEIS. St. Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, 2001. (TD194.56.M6 N67 2001)

Northstar Corridor-North Extension Commuter Rail Feasibility Study: City of Rice to Camp Ripley. Minneapolis: BRW Inc., 2000. (HE2771.M6 N67 2000)

Northstar Corridor-West Extension Commuter Rail Feasibility Study: St. Cloud to the City of St. Joseph. Minneapolis: BRW Inc., 2000. (HE2771.M6 N672 2000)

Northstar Corridor Project: Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Draft Section 4(f)/6(f) Evaluation. St. Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, 2000. (TD194.56.M6 N67 2000)

Northstar Corridor Environmental Impact Statement: Scoping Summary Report. Minn.: BRW, 1999. (HE213.M6 N662 1999)

Northstar Corridor Project Scoping. Anoka, Minn.: Northstar Corridor Development Authority, 1999. (HE213.M6 N66 1999)

Northstar Corridor Development Authority, Anoka, Minnesota, For the Year Ended December 31, ... : Management and Compliance Report. St. Paul: Office of the State Auditor, Audit Practice Division, State of Minnesota. (HE2271.M6 N674)

Northstar Corridor Development Authority: Financial Report year Ended December 31, ... . Anoka, Minn.: Finance and Central Services Division, Anoka County. (HE2771.M6 N66)

Orange Line BRT

Minnesota Department of Transportation. 35W Bus Rapid Transit Study: Lakeville, Burnsville, Bloomington, Richfield, and Minneapolis: Final Report. Minneapolis: URS, 2005. (HE4491.T92 T45 2005)

Red Line BRT

Dakota County (Minn.), and Parsons Transportation Group. Cedar Avenue Corridor Transitway Study: Final Report. Washington, D.C.: Parsons Transportation Group, 2001. (HE4487.M6 C43 2001)

Dakota County Regional Railroad Authority., and URS Corporation. Cedar Avenue Corridor Transitway: Alternatives Analysis and Final Report. Minnesota: URS, 2004. (HE4487.M6 C44 2004)

Riverview Corridor

Riverview Corridor Major Investment Study: Draft Report. St. Paul: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, 2000. (HE4491.T95 R58 2000)

Phase 1 Riverview Corridor Study. Minn.: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, 1998. (HE4491.T95 P52 1998)

St. Paul Northeast Corridor

St. Paul Northwest Corridor

St. Paul South Corridor

Dakota County, Ramsey County St. Paul South Light Rail Transit Corridor: Scoping Decision Document. St. Paul: Ramsey County Regional Railroad Authority, 1991. (HE4491.T92 D35 1991)


Significant Books and Reports

(See also PROPOSED CORRIDORS for additional reports.)

Alexander, Lee, University of Minnesota. Intelligent Transportation Systems Institute., & University of Minnesota. Department of Mechanical Engineering. Bus Rapid Transit Technologies. Minneapolis: Springfield, Va.: University of Minnesota, Center for Transportation Studies, 2003. (TE228.3 .B88 2003 v. 1, 2)

Commuter Rail System Plan: Moving Minnesota, Part of the Moving Minnesota Strategy. St. Paul: Minnesota Department of Transportation, 2000. (HE2781.T9 T952 2000)

Diers, John W. Twin Cities by Trolley: The Streetcar Era in Minneapolis and St. Paul. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007. (TF725.M6 D54 2007)

Economic Development Potential Around Proposed Central Corridor LRT Stations. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 1995. (HE4491.M62 E36 1995)

Hiawatha Corridor Light Rail Fact Book. Roseville, Minn.: Minnesota Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Division, Office of Rail Transit; St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2000. (HE4491.T92 H53 2000)

Hiawatha Light Rail Corridor Financial Report to the Minnesota Legislature. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2000. (HE4491.T92 H54 2000) (Required by Laws of Minnesota 1999, chapter 240, article 1, section 9)

Highway Transitway Corridor Study. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 2014. (HE310.T85 H58 2014)

Light Rail Transit: The Regional Transit Board's Proposal to the 1991 Minnesota Legislature. Prepared by Transit Task Force, Community Information Committee. Minneapolis: Citizens League, 1991. (HE4491.T92 L54 1991)

Light Rail Transit Feasibility in the Hiawatha Avenue Corridor. Prepared by Bather-Ringrose-Wolsfeld-Jarvis-Gardner, Inc. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 1981. (HE4491.T95 L53x) (Required by Laws of Minnesota 1980, chapter 607, article 13, section 3)

Light Rail Transit Feasibility Study: Final Report. Prepared by Sanders and Thomas, Inc. in association with Midwest Research Institute, COMSIS Corporation. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council, 1981. (HE4491.T95 L54x) (Required by Laws of Minnesota 1980, chapter 607, article 13, section 3) (Report includes a technical supplement and a summary.)

Major Constituency Positions on Light Rail Transit and Tunnel Alignment Hub in Downtown Minneapolis: Testimony Prepared for Minnesota Governor Arne Carlson. S.l.: s.n., 1995. (HE4491.M62 M35 1995)

Schmidt, Andrew J. Minnesota Statewide Historic Railroads Study Project Report - Final. St. Paul: Minnesota Dept. of Transportation, 2007. (HE2771.M6 S352 2007)

Schmidt, Andrew J. Railroads in Minnesota, 1862-1956. Minnesota, 2007?. (HE2771.M6 S35 2007)

Shaping Our Future: The Facts About Light Rail Transit. St. Paul: Regional Transit Board, 1991. (HE4491.T92 S53 1991)

Twin Cities Metropolitan Commuter Rail Study: Phase I Summary Report. Seattle: Parsons Brinckerhoff, 1998. (HE2781.T9 T95 1998) (Required by Laws of Minnesota 1997, chapter 159, article 2, section 51) (Report includes an Executive Summary, Appendix A: Rail Corridor Assessment Report, Appendix B: Environmental and Land Use Summary Report, and Appendix C: Institutional Issues Summary Report.)

Significant Articles

(Articles are in reverse chronological order.)

Markle, David. "Strangulation on the Green Line." Streets.mn, July 7, 2014.

Gilyard, Burl. "Digging Into The Claims About Green Line LRT Development." Twin Cities Business, July, 2014.

"Coverage: Following the Green Line" (Collection of articles about the Green Line launch). Star Tribune, June, 2014

Walsh, James. "Green Line Averages More Than 27,000 Riders in First Week." Star Tribune, June 25, 2014.

Walsh, Jim. "Making Green Line History: 'This is Really Smooth, Really User-Friendly'." MinnPost, June 16, 2014.

Mianulli, Kyle. "Beyond the Rails: Mapping the Development, Cultural and Community Impact of the New Green Line." MinnPost, June 13, 2014.

Palazzolo, Alan. "Who Lives on the Green Line?" MinnPost, June 12, 2014.

Kimball, Joe. "A Timeline of the Green Line." MinnPost, June 11, 2014.

O'Toole, Randal. "The Worst of Both: The Rise of High-Cost, Low-Capacity Rail Transit." Policy Analysis, No. 750. June 3, 2014.

"Metro Transit Heading Into Final Month of Green Line Testing" (Includes comparison chart of Green and Blue Lines). MPR News, May 6, 2014.

Featherly, Kevin. "Hearings to Address Bottineau LRT Impact Statement." Politics in Minnesota, April 9, 2014.

"Region's Third LRT Line Advances to Prepare for Job, Housing Growth." Metropolitan Council, April 9, 2014.

Kersten, Katherine. "There Is No Renaissance in U.S. Public-transit Use." MinnPost, April 9, 2014.

McClure, Jane. "Central Corridor Process and the Players". (Three Part Series on the Central Corridor) Twin Cities Daily Planet, March 27, 2007.

"Let the Trains Begin." (A Star Tribune Rider's Guide) Star Tribune, June 23, 2004. (Vertical File M50.15A)

Stassen-Berger, Rachel E. "Light Rail Nears Crucial Crossing." (Includes: "Roundup of Light-Rail Lawsuits".) St. Paul Pioneer Press, May 2, 2001.

"Rail Planners Vow to Keep Lid on Costs, But Some Observers Foresee Overruns." (Five Part Series on the Hiawatha Line: Light Rail on Track) Star Tribune, January 17, 2001.

Blake, Laurie. "Improve Transportation? Most Say Go For It - Poll Respondents From Outstate Minnesota and the Twin Cities Area Voiced Similar Levels of Support for Spending to Improve Roads and Transit" (Minnesota Poll) Star Tribune, March 12, 2000.

Blake, Laurie. "Crunch Time for Light Rail: Minnesota's Window of Opportunity to Snag Federal Money is Closing, But Not All Legislators Think the Price is Worth It." Star Tribune, May 2, 1999.

Blake, Laurie. "Public Still Favors State Aid for Light Rail." (Minnesota Poll) Star Tribune, May 2, 1999.

Stassen-Berger, Rachel E. "Twin Cities Light Rail Feels Closer to Reality." (Includes: Timeline.) St. Paul Pioneer Press, October 25, 1998.

Dornfield, Steven. "LRT: Back to the Future?" (Five Part Series) St. Paul Pioneer Press, February 26-March 3, 1995.

Additional Library Resources

For historical information, check the following codes in the Newspaper Clipping File and the Vertical File:
M50.15A (Metropolitan Transit - Light Rail Transit)

For additional reports at the Legislative Reference Library, use these Library catalog searches:
Light Rail (Minnesota);

Groups Involved with Light Rail & Commuter Transit

Minnesota Legislative Reference Library, 645 State Office Building, Saint Paul, MN  55155