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Legislative Party Control: A Chart, 1901 to the Present

Compiled by the Minnesota Legislative Reference Library

This visual table describes the parties in control of the Minnesota House of Representatives and the Minnesota Senate from 1901 to the present.

In 1913, Minnesota legislators began to be elected on nonpartisan ballots (1913 Minn. Laws Chap. 389). Legislators ran and caucused as "Liberals" or "Conservatives" (roughly equivalent in most years to Democratic-Farmer-Labor and Republican, respectively. A 1973 Law change brought back party designation elections beginning with the House in 1974 and the Senate in 1976 (1973 Minn. Laws Chapter 3 section 1; first numbered Minnesota Statute 202.03; renumbered Minnesota Statute 204B.36, subdivision 2). For this time period, control is listed as Conservative or Liberal.

For more detail on numbers of members, changes within legislative sessions, and names of parties, see Party Control of the Minnesota House of Representatives, 1951-present, and Party Control of the Minnesota Senate, 1951-present.

Session House Senate Governor
91st, 2019-2020 blue DFL red Republican blue DFL
90th, 2017-2018 red Republican red Republican blue DFL
89th, 2015-2016 red Republican blue DFL blue DFL
88th, 2013-2014 blue DFL blue DFL blue DFL
87th, 2011-2012 red Republican red Republican blue DFL
86th, 2009-2010 blue DFL blue DFL red Republican
85th, 2007-2008 blue DFL blue DFL red Republican
84th, 2005-2006 red Republican blue DFL red Republican
83rd, 2003-2004 red Republican blue DFL red Republican
82nd, 2001-2002 red Republican blue DFL white Reform
81st, 1999-2000 red Republican blue DFL white Reform
80th, 1997-1998 blue DFL blue DFL red Republican
79th, 1995-1996 blue DFL blue DFL red Republican
78th, 1993-1994 blue DFL blue DFL red Republican
77th, 1991-1992 blue DFL blue DFL red Republican
76th, 1989-1990 blue DFL blue DFL blue DFL
75th, 1987-1988 blue DFL blue DFL blue DFL
74th, 1985-1986 red Republican blue DFL blue DFL
73rd, 1983-1984 blue DFL blue DFL blue DFL
72nd, 1981-1982 blue DFL blue DFL red Republican
71st, 1979-1980 blue DFL (1980) blue DFL red Republican
blue and red Tie (1979)
70th, 1977-1978 blue DFL blue DFL blue DFL
69th, 1975-1976 blue DFL blue Liberal blue DFL
68th, 1973-1974 blue Liberal blue Liberal blue DFL
67th, 1971 red Conservative red Conservative blue DFL
66th, 1969 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
65th, 1967 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
64th, 1965-1966 red Conservative red Conservative blue DFL
63rd, 1963 red Conservative red Conservative blue DFL (starting 3/25/1963)
red Republican (through 3/25/1963)
62nd, 1961 blue Liberal red Conservative red Republican
61st, 1959 blue Liberal red Conservative blue DFL
60th, 1957-1958 blue Liberal red Conservative blue DFL
59th, 1955 blue Liberal red Conservative blue DFL
58th, 1953 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
57th, 1951 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
56th, 1949 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
55th, 1947 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
54th, 1945 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
53rd, 1943-1944 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
52nd, 1941 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
51st, 1939 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
50th, 1937 blue Liberal red Conservative blue Farmer Labor
49th, 1935-1936 red Conservative red Conservative blue Farmer Labor
48th, 1933 blue Liberal red Conservative blue Farmer Labor
47th, 1931 red Conservative red Conservative blue Farmer Labor
46th, 1929 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
45th, 1927 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
44th, 1925 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
43rd, 1923 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
42nd, 1921 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
41st, 1919 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
40th, 1917 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican
39th, 1915-1916 red Conservative red Conservative red Republican (1916)
blue Democrat (1915)
38th, 1913 red Republican red Republican red Republican
37th, 1911-1912 red Republican red Republican red Republican
36th, 1909 red Republican red Republican blue Democrat
35th, 1907 red Republican red Republican blue Democrat
34th, 1905 red Republican red Republican blue Democrat
33rd, 1903 red Republican red Republican red Republican
32nd, 1901-1902 red Republican red Republican red Republican

Sources

Adrian, Charles Raymond. The Nonpartisan Legislature in Minnesota. PhD Thesis, University of Minnesota, 1950.

Buell, C.J. The Minnesota Legislature of 1915, The Minnesota Legislature of 1917, The Minnesota Legislature of 1919. St. Paul : C.J. Buell.

Caucus Statistics, a notebook of news articles, book excerpts, and other resources related to party control of the Minnesota Legislature, compiled by the Legislative Reference Library.

Gieske, Millard L. Minnesota Farmer-Laborism: The Third party Alternative. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, 1979.

Hinderaker, Ivan. Harold Stassen and Developments in the Republican Party in Minnesota 1937-1943. PhD Thesis, University of Minnesota, 1949.

Legislative Manuals. St. Paul : Office of the Secretary of State, various years.

Haines, Lynn. The Minnesota Legislature of 1911, Minneapolis : L. Haines, 1911.

Naftalin, Arthur. "The Failure of the Farmer-Labor Party to Capture Control of the Minnesota Legislature." The American Political Science Review, Vol. 38, No. 1, February 1944, p. 71-78.

The Minnesota Legislature - How It Works: A Report to Members of Cooperatives on Legislation Considered by the 1951 Session of the Minnesota Legislature. St. Paul : Minnesota Association of Cooperatives, 1951(?)

The Statehouse Review: A Quick Summary of the 1939 Session of the Minnesota Legislature. St. Paul : Minnesota Legislative Reference Bureau, 1939.